Definition of Welfare:
Welfare means faring or doing well. It is a comprehensive term, and refers to the physical, mental, moral and emotional well-being of an individual. The term welfare is a relative concept, relative in time and space. It, therefore, varies from time to time, region to region and from country to country.
Labour welfare refers to taking care of the well-being of workers by employers, trade unions and governmental and non governmental agencies. Recognizing the unique place of the worker in the society and doing good for him/her, retaining and motivating employees, minimizing social evils, and building up the local reputation of the company are the argument in favour of employee welfare.
Welfare facilities help in motivating and retaining employees .most welfare facilities are hygiene factors which, according to Herzberg, create dissatisfaction if not provided. Welfare facilities besides removing dissatisfaction help develop loyalty in workers towards the organisation.
TYPES OF WELFARE ACTIVITIES
The social and economic aspects of the life of a worker have direct influence on the social and economical development of the nation. There is every need to take care of the worker-to provide both statutory and non statutory facilities to him/her.
A comprehensive list of welfare activities is given by moorthy in his monumental work on labour welfare .he divides welfare measures into two broad groups, namely:
1. Welfare measures inside the work place; and
2. Welfare measures outside the workplace.
WELFARE MEASURES INSIDE THE WORK PLACE
i. Conditions of the work environment
a) Neighborhood safety and cleanliness
b) House keeping.
c) Workshop(room) sanitation and cleanliness
d) Control of effluents.
e) Distribution of work hors and provision for rest hours, meal time and breaks
f) Workmen’s safety measures-maintenance of machine and tools, fencing of machine, goggles and First aid equipments etc.
g) Notice board; poster, pictures, slogans
a) Rest room, wash basins, bathroom, provision for spittoons
b) Provision of drinking water; water cooler
c) Canteen services
d) Management of workers cloak room, rest room, reading room library
iii. Worker’s health services
Factory health centre; dispensary, ambulance, emergency aid, medical examination for Workers; health education, health research; family planning services.
iv. Women and child welfare
Antenatal and postnatal care, maternity aid, crèche and child care; women’s general education; separate services for women workers, that is, lunch rooms, toilet, rest rooms, women’s recreation(indoor); family planning services.
v. Workers’ Recreation
Indoor game games; strenuous games to be avoided during intervals of work.
vi. Labour-Management participation
a) Formation and working of various committees, that is works committee, safety committee, canteen committee; consultation in welfare area, in production area, in the area of administration, in the area of public relations.
b) Workmen’s arbitration council.
c) Research bureau.
vii. Worker’s Education
Reading room, library, circulating library; visual education; adult education; factory news bulletin